A Comparison of the Productivity of Kenya Sahiwal Cattle and Their Crossbreds in Large Scale Dairy - Dual Purpose And Beef Production Systems

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Date
1997
Authors
William B.M
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William B.M
Abstract
A study was conducted to characterise production systems which utilised the Kenya Sahiwal and its crossbreds and to evaluate productivity of the breed types in agro - ecological zones III and IV. Production systems in which the Kenya Sahiwal and its crossbreds were used were in beef production systems, dual - purpose production systems and large scale dairy production systems. Beef production systems included the Sahiwal herds at Elkarama ranch in Laikipia and Ilkerin - Loita ranch in Narok. Cattle were extensively grazed on natural pastures and supplemented with minerals for meat production in agro-ecological zone IV. The offtake rate was 27% and accounted for over 90% of the total income. Dual - purpose production systems included the Sahiwal herds at Deloraine Estate and Oljorai, the Sahiwal and Friesian - Sahiwal herds at the National Animal Husbandry Research Centre in Naivasha, and the Sahiwal crossbred herd at Mariakani Research Centre. Cattle were extensively grazed on natural pastures and supplemented with minerals for milk and meat production. Milk offtake accounted for 69% of the total income, whereas cattle offtake earned 31 % of the total income. Large scale dairy production systems included the Ayrshire - Sahiwal herd at Deloraine Estate, Friesian - Sahiwal herd at Loldia Estate and the Ayrshire- Brown Swiss - Sahiwal herd at Kilifi Plantations. Cattle were rotationally grazed on natural and improved pastures and were supplemented with dairy meal and minerals for milk and meat production. The contribution to the total income from milk sales was 73%. Cattle offtake accounted for 27% of the total income.
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