The Incidence of Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis in Kenyan Cattle and the Effectiveness of Treatment with Penicillin and Chloramphenicol

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Date
1985
Authors
WAFULA,J.S.
WAKHUSAMA,S.W.
NANDOKHA,E.
LITAMOI,J.K. ,
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Abstract
ClinIcal examination of 2,540 cattle in six herds in Kenya revealed a high incidence of infectious bovine keratoconJunctiviti,. The disease with varying degrees of ocular involvement was observed in 328 (12.9(70) of the animals examined. 184 (56.1 %) of the affected animals showed bilateral eye involvement while only one eye was affected In the remaining 144 cattle. BacterIologIcal and vlr('loglcal examination of ocular secretions collected from 25 eyes of cattle with the disease resulted In the IsolatIOn of Nellserra calarrhalis from all the affected eyes. The clfectlveness of penicIllin and chloramphenIcol ophthalmic ointments in the treatment of the dlsea,e Wa, examined. No SIgnIficant differences were ob,erved in the recovery rates between the anImah treated eIther with penIcIllin or chloramphenicol Ointment,. Recovery rates were higher In the anImab treated daIly for 7 day, than 111 those anImal, subJccted to three tre.nts given at 2-day intervals
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Bulletin, 33, p. 265-269
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