Toxicity and Selectivity of Some Insecticides to Chrysopu carnea a Predator of the Tobacco BudwormMinistry of Agriculture

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Date
1965
Authors
Bull, D. L.
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ministry of Agriculture
Abstract
Representatives of different types of insecticides were tested for toxicity to larvae of a common green lacewing, Chrysopa Carnea(Stephens). This insect is a predator of many phylophagous arthropods including the tobacco budworm, Heliothis viresceus(F). Most organophosphate insecticides and the carbamate, methomyle, were highly toxic to the predator, Another carbamate, carbaryl, a formamidine,chlordimeform,several pyrethroids and several organochlorines were much less toxic to C.carnea. In comparison with the tobacco budworm, phosphorothionate(P=S)insecticides were highly selective against the predator.In contrast,synthetic pyrethroids and endosulfan were highly selective against the tobacco budworm. Most other insecticides were of similar toxicity to both species or slightly more toxic to the predator. The relative usefulness of the different insecticidetypes in integrated control programs is discussed.
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