Characterizing access to climate information and services by the vulnerable groups in semi-arid Kenya

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Date
2013
Authors
Kirui, V. C.
Oseni, S.
Bebe, B.O.
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Joint proceedings of the 27th Soil Science Society of East Africa and the 6th African Soil Science Society
Abstract
Women and the elderly living in semi-arid environments of Kenya are vulnerable to the frequent exposure to impacts of changing climate and need to access climate information and services to build adaptive capacity. This study characterised the channels through which the vulnerable people in a semi-arid area of Kenya access climate information and services from data collected from randomly selected sample in cross sectional survey using structured questionnaire. Over 70% of both women and the elderly perceived change in rainfall, drought, floods, human and livestock diseases to have been “severe” to “very severe” over the last five years. Majority of women (88.5%) most preferred radio while the elderly (83%) most preferred indigenous knowledge to access climate information and services. Women consistently rated radio higher (P<0.05) than the elderly for delivering reliable information, explaining details and use of local language understood to them. However, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) indicated that comprehensive informing on climatic hazards and support services for adaptation to changing climate is from extension service unlike the other channels which delivered information only on climatic hazards. The study concluded that combination of extension agents, radio and local administration would be more effective for disseminating climate information and services to vulnerable people in marginal areas. Capacity building for extension service is needed in interpretation of weather data to enable them effectively disseminate climate information and services to vulnerable people of arid and semi-arid environments.
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Kirui, V.C., Oseni, S. and Bebe, B.O. (2013).Characterizing access to climate information and services by the vulnerable groups in semi-arid Kenya (Characterizing access to climate information).Transforming rural livelihoods in Africa: How can land and water management contribute to enhanced food security and address climate change adaptation and mitigation? 20-25 October 2013. Nakuru, Kenya.Joint proceedings of the 27th Soil Science Society of East Africa and the 6th African Soil Science Society