The Camel And Food Security In Northern Districts Of Kenya

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Date
2001
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Animal Production Society of Kenya
Abstract
A study was carried out in Marsabit, Turkana, Laikipia, Samburu and Wajir Districts to document the production and phenotypic characteristics of Rendille, Gabra, Turkana, Somali and Pakistan camels. This was to form the basis for selection and breeding to improve productivity of Kenyan camels. Production data was collected from KARl and FARM-Africa camel herds in Marsabit and Samburu and Laikipia Districts. Phenotypic data was collected by taking measurements on various body parts of camels using a tape measure. The results showed that Pakistan (P) is the highest (P < 0.05) milk yielder followed by Somali (S) while Rendille (R) and Turkana (T) had similar yields. Crosses of S with T and S with R yielded similar amounts (P < 0.05) as purebred R and Turkana. However, crosses of P with S were higher yielders than pure Somali. Birth weights of S, Rand T breeds were statistically similar while P x S calves were heavier than pure Somali (P < 0.05). Pakistan and S camels were the biggest in followed by Gabra (G) whereas either R or T were the fourth biggest depending on the sex. In conclusion, the types were Phenotypically different (P < 0.05). Pakistan camel is likely to be of different genetic background from Somali, Rendille and Turkana.
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