Food Storage Problems in Uganda in Relation to Insect Pests

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Michelmore, A. P. G.
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The Entomology of stored products is a subject in which there is still much to be found out, but in Uganda the need for research is overshadowed by the need for propaganda and practical action. The huge losses of food are appreciated by few, and by others are accepted as inevitable. In 1953, Uganda unexpectedly produced an enormous, record maize crop. Welcome as it was in some ways it embarrassed Government, which had promised to buy it, but then found itself losing large quantities from insect damage. This loss may in the end prove a blessing in disguise by drawing attention to the need for more and better storage and transport. In the poor continent of Africa, Uganda is exceptional. In the south and the other wetter areas, the rich soils and the two good rainy seasons permit two harvests and enable food of some kind to be gathered throughout the year. The country people therefore have little need to store food but subsist mainly on green bananas and sweet potatoes. On the other hand the cost of transporting this bulky fresh food makes it expensive for town dwellers and for feeding large numbers of laborers. In consequence, there is a growing demand for dry foods which can be stored, particularly maize. In the north and other drier parts of the country there is a more severe dry season, which compels the people to rely on crops which will store, particularly grain. With its rapidly growing population Uganda therefore needs to pay more attention to food storage.
East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, 21 (No. 1), p. 65-68