Participatory rural appraisal. on Stricga in the northern Ethiopian . highlands

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Esilaba, A. O.
Reda, F.
Mulatu, T.
Ransom, J.K.
Woldewahid, G.
Tesfaye, A.
Fitwy, I.
Abate, G.
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veterinary Record
A participatory rural appraisal on Striga was conducted during February-March 1996 in the Northern Ethiopian highlands. The main objective was to provide information on the farming systems, the Striga status and control methods. One hundred and eight farmers interviewed identified Striga as one of the major constraints to increasing agricultural productivity. Most farmers are aware that Striga is found in nutrient depleted soils. They identified cultivation, stored grain, crop residues, erosion, livestock and man as Striga dispersal methods. Fallowing, intercropping and crop rotation with trap crops are not practiced in the region. Integrated Striga control methods practiced in the area are handpulling, ox-plough cultivation and use of manure close to the homestead. Long-term research should be in areas that reduce the Striga seed bank in the soil, integrated nutrient management strategies, cropping systems and multipurpose trees that improve soil fertility, decrease weeds, pests and the incidence of plant diseases. Breeding 8Qd screening for resistant cereal varieties should be conducted.