Determinants of household food and nutrition security among the dairy farmers in Machakos and Kirinyaga Counties, Kenya

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Date
2019
Authors
Murage, Alice W.
Guthiga, Paul
Gichangi, Anne W.
Ndubi, Jessica
Njarui, Donald M.G.
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Abstract
Food security is a global challenge and its measurement is hampered by among other things the high cost of data collection and lack of simplified models. This study adopted the household dietary diversity (HDDS) and food consumption score (FCS) which are qualitative tools and are effective in ascertaining household food status. Data was collected from 629 farming households; 313 in Kirinyaga County and 316 in Machakos County. An ordered logit model was used to assess the determinants of the household food security elements. Age of the household head, household income, off-farm income ranks, perception of food shortage, and extension access were the positive determinants for HDDS; while gross income, expenditure, and crop ranks were the positive determinants for FCS. Distance to the market and number of months of food shortage were inversely related to HDDS and FCS. The findings provide useful baseline information specifically targeting possible solutions to attainment of food security. The findings can also be used in assisting households to diversify their income sources, improve their food diversity as well as the frequency of consuming certain food groups hence contribute to improvement in food and nutrition security
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African Conference of Agricultural Economics, Abuja - Nigeria, 23-25/9/2019
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