Origin and Evolution of Guinea Sorghums

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de Wet, J. M. J.
Harlan, J. R.
Kurmarohita, B.
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Sorghum is the most important native cereal in Africa. It is primarily a savannah crop but is also grown in the wet tropics of West Africa and along the fringes of the southern Sahara. Sorghum is a versatile crop. It is prepared in many different ways as human food, fed to livestock, and the tall stems produced by some kinds are used as fuel or building material. The numerous uses of sorghum are often mutually exclusive. Different kinds of sorghum are grown for different uses, and adjacent villages often grow different kinds of] sorghums for similar uses. It is therefore not surprising that sorghum is extremely variable morphologically. Ethnological isolation seems to have given rise to morphologically distinct cultivated complexes (de Wet and Huckabay, 1967). One of the widest distributed is race guinea. Morphological variability of guinea sorghums was studied in an effort to trace their origins and evolution.
East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, 38, p. 114-119