Soil and Water Report No.4 Marginal and Semi-Arid Reports

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Date
1978
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Soil and Water Management
Abstract
This report a part of a Pre-Investment study of the Marginal-Semi Arid lands conducted within Embu, Kitui and Machakos Districts of the Eastern Province, and Baringo and Kiriyo - Maraquet Districts of the Rift Valley Province was prepared by the Engineers regarding the Soil and Water management aspects of the study. Land misuse in these areas has resulted in a considerable amount of erosion, ranging from complete loss of top soil and deep gullies in some localities to minor amounts of erosion in others. The misuse has been unmanaged grazing, resulting in partial to complete removal of perennial vegetation, arid cultivation of steep slopes without taking necessary soil conservation measures. Thus erosion is severe on the grazing areas as there is none or little vegetation to protect this soil during the 'high intensity rains common in the study area and the cultivated areas on slopes are extremely vulnerable to erosion if conservation is not practiced.
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