Culverts and Trypanosome Transmission in theSerengeti National Park (Tanzania

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Date
1976
Authors
BOREHAM, P.
GEIGY, R.
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Abstract
A survey of the 116 culverts along the 76 km of the Mwanza Road between the Banagi Junction and Kirawira, Serengeti National Park, was undertaken in July 1975. The commonest vertebrates seen were bats (16 culverts), spotted hyaenas (11 culverts), warthogs (5 culverts) and porcupines (3 culverts). All the vertebrates appear to use the culverts as temporary shelters rather than breeding sites. Six arthropods of medical interest were found in the culverts, pupae of Glossina swynnertoni, larvae, pupae and adults of Auchmeromyia luteola and A. bequaerti, Ornithodorus moubata sp., Ixodid ticks and Xenopsylla sp. Seven hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta) associated with culverts along the road where it leads through plains were immobilized with Immobilon or succinylcholine. From 6 of these animals three strains of T. (T.) brucei and one of T. congolense could be isolated by inoculating white laboratory rats, in the field, with venous blood.
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East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, 33 (1), p. 53-87