Proceedings of the 1 St Karl Mini Conference

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
Frequent droughts experienced by pastoralists in the recent times have had a devastating effect on livestock population. This has led to increased food insecurity and consequently sedentarization in urban centres. While sedentarization provides amenities such as health and education facilities among others, problems such as malnutrition among women have been observed in Marsabit District. The objective of this study was to evaluate food consumption and nutritional status among Gabra women aged 15-49 years. The research was cross-sectional survey design using semi-structured questionnaire. Some 224 women were randomly interviewed in Kalacha Location. Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-Hour Dietary Recall were used to evaluate dietary intake levels among women. Anthropometric indices such as weight, height, Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) were measured and Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated to evaluate maternal nutritional status. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 12.0) and Nutrisurvey for windows software were used in data analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse population characteristics. T -test was used to determine differences in population characteristics whereas multiple regression, Pearson correlation and chi-square were used to determine the relationship between, socio-economic factors and nutritional status among settled and semi-settled Gabra women. This study has shown that settled women were slightly better off in terms of BMI (19.3) compared to semisettled ones (18.7). However, the difference was not statistically significant. Women in settled areas had significantly higher energy intake (P<O.OO I; 95% C.I) than semi-settled women however, intakes were below the required nutrient intake (RNI) levels. From the study, it can be concluded that settled women had a relatively better nutritional status than their semi-settled counterparts. However, barriers to adequate intakes were largely due food inaccessibility mainly caused by economic constraints and non availability of foods within the locality. Fortification should be looked into as a policy strategy in addressing high micronutrient deficiencies in this region.