Timu, And the Vanishing Forests of North-East Karamoja

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Eggeling [1] and other writers have drawn attention to the fact that the majority of Uganda’s forests are young and still show a marked tendency to spread. There are in fact very few uninhabited areas in Uganda where forest is not spreading or colonizing, a process which causes some alarm to those responsible for tsetse control. But in Timu, and the woodland and forest along the Karamoja-Turkana escarpment of which it is typical, we have an apparent exception. Here one finds clumps and strips of closed forest obviously receding in the absence of agriculture and in spite of evidence that the climate and soil are favourable.Timu is a forest reserve of 43 square miles established in 1942 for the protection of a valuable catchment basin and dry-season grazing ground. It is situated in the north-east of Karamoja on the gentle but dissected west facing slopes behind the escarpment which overlooks Turkana. Thomas [2] has briefly described the vegetation, styling it the "well-developed woodland in North Karamoja”. The "forest" lies between 5,000 ft. and 6,000 ft.in altitude, reaching the latter height at its Eastern limit, the summit of the escarpment at Kanadap.
East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, XIX (No 3), p. 164-167