Isolation of a Theileria Species from Eland (Taurotragus oryx) I nfective for Cattle

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Young, A. S.
Grootenhuls, J. G.
Kimber, C.D.
Kanhai, G. K.
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Theileria infections were induced in cattle by feeding ticks on them from 3 sources: (a) adult rhipicephalid ticks obtained from the vegetation in a paddock containing an eland EAO at the Animal Orphanage, Nairobi National Park, Kenya, (b) Rhipicephalus appendiculatus adults fed as nymphs on the same eland, (c) R. pulchellus adults fed as nymphs on an eland W 68 captured in the Machakos district of Kenya. Both eland were harbouring Theileria parasites at the time nymphal ticks were fed. Mild infections were produced when adult ticks from these 3 batches were applied to cattle associated with low numbers of schizonts and puoplasms. The indirect fluorescent antibody test demonstrated that cattle recovered from infections resulting from the above 3 tick batches from eland W 68 and EAO produced antibodies which reacted with schizont antigen of the TheIleria species (eland) and Theileria species (Githungun) which had been isolated from cattle and not to antigens of other Theileria species used. The cattle recovered from the Theileria species (eland) were fully susceptible to a lethal challenge of a T. parva (Muguga) stabilate.
Veterinary Research, 27, p. 185-194