Mechanisms Of Drought Management By African Pastoralists

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Date
2001
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Animal Production Society of Kenya
Abstract
African pastoralists occupy lands characterised by harsh climatic conditions including drought. These areas are marginal in terms of cropping agriculture. The major economic activity is subsistence livestock production, based on a variety of mechanisms which enable pastoralists to survive and effectively use the harsh and variable environment. The mechanisms entail highly flexible social systems and elaborate individual and collectively-based efforts which include mobility in search of water and pasture, herd diversification, maximisation, and division for wider resource use, spread of risk and social alliances. Although these mechanisms face serious challenges due to external factors, they have, until recently, been effective in managing drought.
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