Studies On. The Association of the Ant Oecophylla Longinoda (Latr.) (Formicidae) With The Scale Insect Saissetia Zanzibarensis Williams (Coccidae).

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Date
1951
Authors
Way, M. J.
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Abstract
Some species of Homoptera attended by ants cause severe mechanical damage to plants and others are vectors of plant virus diseases (Carter, 1933; Serrano, 1934; Strickland, 1947). It is generally assumed that the ants increase the damage caused to the plants because they benefit the Homoptera, notably by transporting and disseminating them and also by protecting them from various enemies. Nixon, however, has pointed out (1951) that few ant species have been shown to transport Homoptera (Lubbock, 1882; Dutt, 1912; Hough, 1922; Bunzli, 1934), and that, although they may accidentally protect them from parasites and predators (Herzig, 1937), the efficiency of protection has often been exaggerated.
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East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, p. 113-134