The Incorporation Of Gender Issues In The Dfid Narp 11 Project Of Kenya Agricultural Research Institute -Karl

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Ngugi J.N
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University of East Anglia
Agriculture plays a major role in the economy of Kenya, providing food, energy, incomes and employment for the majority of its peoples and raw materials for the growth/development of manufacturing industries (ISNAR, 1995 Kenya, 1994 Mutoro, 1997). In the earlier years after independence, agriculture contributed more than 50% towards Kenya's GOP though this has dropped to 26 % in the recent years due to overemphasis of cash crops in small-scale farming systems (Mutoro, 1997). However agriculture still remains the single most important sector in the country's economy as 80% of the population depend on it as a means of livelihood in the rural areas (Mutoro 1997 Saito, 1994). Small-scale production contributes three quarters of agricultural output for both food and cash crops (World Bank, 1989). Women's contribution towards this sector cannot be overemphasised. The out migration of men to the urban areas has led to agricultural production being left in the hands of women. Social economic studies show that women provide 75% of the labour in small-scale farming systems, manage half of the farms, and play an essential role in the operations of the remainder (Mbabu, Altavista Kenya).