Determination of the Optimal Time to Start And To Stop Spraying Against Fungal Diseases Of Finger Millet in Uganda.

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Date
1991
Authors
Mukiibi, J.K.
Adipala, E.
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Abstract
A study of several forage and concentrate feeding systems in the high potential areas of Kenya was carried out to ascertain type and quality of feed offered to lactating animals by small scale dairy farmers: Under zero-grazing only, one fodder, Napier grass, was fed while under semi zero-grazing, several fodders of differing degradability and nutrient concentration (P~O.05) were fed. Pastures of all farms were similar (P≤O.05); concentrates varied in the levels of CF and several minerals between farms (P<≤O.OI) and (P≤O.05). Animals ingested the least OM (12.2 kg) under grazing and also produced the least milk (10.1 kliday) daily. Generally, the forage and concentrate feeding systems were deficient in CP, Ca and P; Na consumption was borderline while Mg was consumed in excess. Feeding napier grass had two nutritional advantage over grazing and use of fodder supplements. It was recommended that , tree legumes such as Leucaena and Sesbania and a well compounded mineral supplement be used to meet requirements for the deficient nutrients. Inclusion of Kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clamlestinum) in pastures of the high potential areas would improve their nutritive value. The need to increase the use of concentrates in small holder dairying was also stressed.
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East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, 57 (1), p. 15-21
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