Mound Cultivation in Ufipa,Tanganyika

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Date
1950/1951
Authors
Lunan,M.
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Abstract
Ufipa District in south-west Tanganyika consists, for the most part, of a plateau (altitude 5,000-7,000 feet), covered with tall grass and with only scattered trees, apart from a few patches of hill forest. Each dry season, the pastoralists burn off this tall grass over nearly all the district, presumably to provide fresh grass for their cattle and to reduce ticks. Agriculturally, the Wafipa are very primitive. They do not put manure on their fields, unless ordered to do so, on the grounds that they have always in the past managed to grow enough food to survive without using manure. The land would become very deficient in humus were it not for the system of mound cultivation practised by the Wafipa. The method of cultivation in the plateau generally follows a rotation starting with mounds, followed by flat cultivation, followed by rough mounds, followed again by flat cultivation and then by ridge cultivation.
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East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, 16, p. 88-89