Tha Natural Resources of East Africa

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Date
1962
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Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
Abstract
ALTHOUGH Dr. Leakey has produced evidence, backed by earlier discoveries in the many pre-historic sites throughout East Mrica, to suggest that man was cradled here, the first substantial account of the region is in The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (c. A.D. 60). This mariners' guide to the coast and islands shows that the country, its peoples and products were known to the Mediterranean sailors, as well as to seafaring traders from China, India, Persia, Arabia and possibly Indonesia, who made use of the two monsoons in their voyages to and from their homelands. The Muskat Arabs made the greatest impact on the country and from the 7th century gradually established sovereignty from Somaliland to Mozambique, which was limited to the neighbourhood of certain ports such as Lamu, Malindi, Kilifi, Mombasa and Kilwa. These towns were governed by families, who acknowledged, in a loose form, allegiance to the Omani sultans.
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