Overview of Maize Disease in Kenya

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Date
1997
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Ministry of Agriculture
Abstract
Maize(Zea mays, L.)has been grown in East Africa since the 16th centnury when it was introduced by the Arabs. The carribgean flints wass the earliest type of Maize grown in Kenya and it is still grown by some farmers in the coast. The big and sudden rise in the importance of maize followed the introduction of different types of maize from South Africa in 1900. Among the introductions of 1900 were Hickory King, White Horse tooth, Ladysmith White, Salisbury white, champion, white pearl and lows silver mine.The Kenya flat white maize resulted from selection of these introductions by the white settlers. From the Kenya flat white maize composites and hybrids have been developend over the years to give maize its present status as the leading cereal crop in Kenya. In 1981, maize occupied 1.23 million hectares of land and this accounted for 38% of the total area under crops, (Ndambuki, 1987).
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