The Influence of Surface Water Management and Fertilizer use on Growth and Yield (Zea mays L.) in Vertisols of Kenya

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Date
2008
Authors
Ikitoo, E. C.
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Edwin Caleb Ikitoo
Abstract
Food security is one of the comer stones for developing a stable and prosperous nation. However, in recent years, Kenya has experienced frequent shortages of staple food crops, among them, cereal grains including ~ wheat and rice, due to inadequate production occasioned by frequent draughts and other constraints. Consequently, the country now imports significant quantities of the food grains annually. Further, an increasing proportion of the population relies on relief food aid due to fluctuations in the food production and an eroded economic base. Soil fertility depletion is one of the root causes of declining food production in sub-Sahara .Africa, hence, increased food security risk in the region. Thus, there is urgent need to reverse the downward trend in the food production and increase land productivity. In that regard, development and application of technologies, which restore and maintain the soil fertility for sustainable land management, is the only way to ensure food security in the region.
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