Impacts Of Tsetse Control On Migration And Capital Accumulation: Zambezi Valley Zimbambwe

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Jones G
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Jones G
Tsetse control is ordinarily considered as simultaneously responsible for motivating household emigration from those districts bordering the tsetse cleared front as well as household immigration into cleared areas. The direct contribution of tsetse control to the process of internal migration in Zimbabwe, holding constant the historical imbalance in land access, regional differences in the development of infrastructure services and marketsnfor commercial enterprises, is unknown. This study modeled annual growth in immigration at the village level and obtained settler's reasons for emigrating from their original settlements. The direct and indirect contributions of tsetse and trypanosomosis controls to livestock adoption in tsetse cleared areas is also not well understood. The study modeled growth in livestock adoption at the village level and investigated whether adoption began with or was accelerated by tsetse control. In addition, a production function model evaluated the effects of animal traction use on farm level factor productivity. Finally, the study also analyzed the distribution, extent and determinants of settler wealth accumulation and established the relative success of settlers.