Exposure To Pesticides Among Farm Workers Of Mavoko Division In Machakos District, Kenya.

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Date
2011
Authors
Violet N.M
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Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture- and Technology
Abstract
Pesticides are chemical substances used to control pests (insects, bacteria, fungi and nematodes). Agricultural pesticides are used to prevent and control of pests as an effort to reduce crop losses estimated at 10 - 30% (World Health Organization, 1990). There are an estimated 450 million waged agricultural workers in Africa, 20 million being children aged between 5 - 14 years (Forastieri, 2007). In Kenya, the number employed on agricultural farms as permanent and casual workers is not well documented although Kibwage et al. (2007) reported an increase of workers on tobacco farms by 67% from 1972 to 1991, and 36% between 1991 and 2000. In Machakos District, about 70% of the inhabitants work in the agricultural sector (KCBS, Ministry of Finance, 2001).
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