Native Methods of Food Storage in Tanganyika

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Date
1941
Authors
Victor Harris,W
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Abstract
Within the three hundred and seventy thousand square miles of Tanganyika the native inhabitants live under a wide variety of climatic conditions, at elevations ranging from sea-level to seven thousand feet, and with average annual rainfalls of from ninety to nineteen inches. The staple foods vary accordingly. The people of the coastal plain live mainly on maize and cassava, with rice in the river deltas, and beans, gram and pigeon peas as legumes. In the interior, sorghum and maize are the main grains, except in the dry central area, where bulrush millet is grown, and in the highlands of the south-west where it is too cold for sorghum and maize is grown alone. When the Great Lakes are reached rice once more becomes of importance Of the legumes, gram and groundnuts are general throughout the west and south; Bambara groundnuts are grown in the dry central area, although this is not a crop exclusive to such conditions, being also grown to a large extent in Bukoba; while the larger beans are found near the coast and in the higher elevations. Eleusine is widely grown at higher elevations in the interior, but primarily for the manufacture of beer. Wheat is grown in limited mountainous areas, mainly in the Livingstone Mountains, overlooking Lake Nyasa. Sesame is cultivated on the coastal plain mainly in the south of the Territory
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East African Agricultural And Forestry Journal, VI (No 3), p. 135-138