Farm Systems Economics Workshop.

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Ministry Of Agriculture
It has been said that farmers in developing countries are not much different from their counterparts in the more advanced countries. Certainly their farms may be smaller but nonetheless they are in business to maximise some utility function or to satisfy some goal. The farmers in developing countries must sell a part of their production in order to buy those items of necessity that cannot be produced on the farm. Items such as salt, thread, cloth, tools, etc. To the extent that these items are necessary to survive, the farmers will strive to produce a saleable surplus from their crops, and of course the more successful the farmer is in his production efforts the fewer the sacrifices he will have to make to achieve his goal. Because farmers must sell products they are affected by changes in prices paid and received and by improvements in the cultural practices of production. If the farmers are to be able to meet the challenges of increased production, living standards, and other complex problems, they must be provided with the techniques and knowledge that will allow them to { succeed. In most situations this knowledge can only be provided by their government. It is therefore necessary that government workers know how to analyse and diseminate information concerning new techniques and practices. The new techniques need to be analysed to determine whether farmers can afford to adapt them, and if they do, what the consequences will be on production and resource use. This is a task for a farm management researcher.